Navigating the realm of mortgages can be complex, especially if you have a poor credit score. While securing a mortgage with poor credit might seem daunting, it’s important to know that it is not impossible. From understanding what is classified as ‘poor credit’ to exploring various options and strategies to improve your credit score, this guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview. Here, we’ll discuss how poor credit impacts your mortgage eligibility, explore possible routes to obtain a mortgage with poor credit, and offer insights into how you can enhance your credit score.
Whether you’re a first-time homebuyer or seeking to remortgage your property, this guide will offer clarity and provide the necessary guidance to navigate the mortgage landscape successfully.
What is poor credit?
Poor credit is a circumstance where an individual’s credit history is tarnished, resulting in a lower credit score. Credit scores are pivotal in helping lenders gauge a potential borrower’s creditworthiness and the level of risk involved in lending them money. A poor credit score signifies a higher propensity for missed or late payments, making it challenging for the individual to secure loans, mortgages, or other types of credit.
Several factors can contribute to poor credit, including:
Late or missed payments: Delayed or missed payments on credit cards, loans, or other bills can lead to a poor credit score, signalling a pattern of financial irresponsibility.
Defaults: A default takes place when you breach the terms of a credit agreement by failing to repay a debt, and the lender concludes that you’re unlikely to fulfil future payments. Defaults are a severe detriment to your credit history.
County court judgements (CCJs): A CCJ is a legal judgement issued against you for non-payment of a debt. This significantly impairs your credit score and persists on your credit report for six years.
Bankruptcy: Bankruptcy is a court-ordered process designed to assist individuals grappling with unmanageable debt. However, it leaves a lasting and detrimental imprint on your credit history.
Individual voluntary arrangements (IVAs): An IVA is a formal, legally binding agreement to repay your creditors a portion of your debt over a set timeframe. Although it can aid in debt management, it has an adverse impact on your credit score.
High credit utilisation: Regular utilisation of a large fraction of your available credit can negatively influence your credit score, suggesting potential over-reliance on credit.
Frequent credit applications: Several credit applications within a brief period can decrease your credit score, suggesting possible financial instability or a desperate need for credit.
Thin credit file: Limited or no credit history can contribute to a poor credit rating, as lenders lack adequate data to evaluate your creditworthiness.
Possessing poor credit may impede your ability to acquire loans, mortgages, or other forms of credit due to the perception of higher risk. Nevertheless, by maintaining responsible financial practices and focusing on improving your credit score, you can progressively restore your credit standing and enhance your prospects of securing credit in the future.
What to expect from lenders
When grappling with a poor credit history, anticipate a heightened level of scrutiny from mortgage lenders. You may be required to provide a larger deposit, typically ranging from 15-25% of the property’s value, owing to the elevated risk. Furthermore, expect to encounter higher interest rates. Lenders might also demand additional documentation to validate your income and financial stability, such as bank statements and wage slips.
What is considered poor credit in the context of mortgage applications?
In the context of mortgage applications, a poor credit rating is typically determined by a low credit score or a history of negative financial behaviours, including missed payments, defaulting on loans, filing for bankruptcy, having County Court Judgements (CCJs) against you, or being on a debt management plan.
Credit reference agencies in the UK, like Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion, each have different scoring systems, and a score that’s considered poor with one agency might not be with another.
Lenders don’t use these scores directly, but they use the information on your credit report from these agencies (along with other factors like income and outgoings) to calculate their own version of your credit score. Having a poor credit score or negative financial history can make it harder for you to get a mortgage, as it signals to the lender that you might pose a higher risk of defaulting on the loan.
Role of credit reference agencies
Credit reference agencies (CRAs) are companies that compile information about consumers’ credit behaviour. In the UK, the three main CRAs are Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. They gather information from various sources, including banks, credit card companies, and public records, to create credit reports.
These reports contain detailed information about your credit history, including how much credit you have available, how much of your available credit you’re using, your repayment history, and any negative events such as defaults, County Court Judgements (CCJs), or bankruptcies. CRAs also calculate a credit score based on the information in your report.
How these agencies impact mortgage eligibility and terms:
When you apply for a mortgage, the lender will typically contact one or more of these CRAs to access your credit report and score. This helps the lender assess your creditworthiness, which is a measure of how likely you are to repay the loan.
A good credit score and clean credit history can make it easier for you to get approved for a mortgage. It can also help you qualify for better terms, including lower interest rates. Conversely, if you have a poor credit score or negative events in your credit history, you might find it more difficult to get approved for a mortgage, or you might be offered less favourable terms.
How to check and correct information with credit reference agencies:
It’s important to check your credit reports regularly to ensure the information they contain is accurate. You have a legal right to access your credit report from each CRA. You can request a statutory credit report for free, or you can sign up for a subscription service that gives you regular access to your report and other services.
If you find any errors in your report, you should contact the CRA directly to have them corrected. This usually involves providing evidence to support your claim. If the CRA doesn’t resolve the issue to your satisfaction, you can escalate your complaint to the Financial Ombudsman Service.
By actively managing your credit report, you can help ensure that lenders are making decisions based on accurate information, which can improve your chances of getting approved for a mortgage on favourable terms.
Options for securing a mortgage with poor credit:
Specialist lenders: There are numerous specialist lenders in the UK who cater specifically to individuals with poor credit. These entities often exhibit more flexible lending criteria compared to traditional high-street banks and are more receptive to considering your unique circumstances. It’s worth noting, however, that these lenders often charge higher interest rates and fees.
Government programmes: Several initiatives launched by the UK government aim to assist first-time homebuyers and individuals with lower incomes in obtaining a mortgage.
Higher deposit: Amassing a larger deposit can enhance your likelihood of securing a mortgage approval. The larger the deposit, the lower the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio becomes, which could mitigate the risk associated with poor credit.
Guarantor mortgages: With a guarantor mortgage, a trusted family member or close friend pledges to cover the mortgage repayments should you default. This additional security can make lenders more amenable to approving your application.
Joint mortgages: If you opt to apply for a joint mortgage with another person possessing a superior credit score, your chances of approval could be substantially improved. Pooling your incomes and credit histories can present a more robust financial profile to lenders.
Can I get a joint mortgage with poor credit?
As outlined in the above options for securing a mortgage with poor credit, obtaining a joint mortgage is indeed feasible even if one of the applicants possesses poor credit. When reviewing a joint mortgage application, lenders scrutinise the financial histories and credit scores of both applicants.
The robust credit and financial standing of one applicant can potentially counterbalance the risk associated with lending to an applicant with poor credit. However, there are several considerations to bear in mind:
Effect on borrowing limit: The inferior credit history of one applicant may influence the total amount that can be borrowed. Lenders might employ more cautious lending parameters, potentially resulting in a more modest mortgage offer.
Elevated interest rates: Due to the augmented risk of lending to someone with poor credit, lenders may levy higher interest rates on the mortgage. This could result in heftier monthly repayments and escalated overall borrowing costs.
Restricted lender options: Certain lenders may be reluctant to approve a joint mortgage application if one of the applicants has a tarnished credit history. This could constrain your selection of lenders and mortgage products.
Learn more: Joint mortgage with poor credit
Can I remortgage with poor credit?
Yes, it is possible to remortgage with poor credit, but it might be more challenging compared to those with good credit. Lenders will review your credit history, income, and current financial situation when considering your application.
When applying to remortgage with poor credit, consider the following points:
Lender selection: Not all lenders have the same criteria for poor credit. Some lenders are more willing to work with borrowers who have had financial difficulties, while others are less flexible.
Interest rates: Due to the perceived higher risk, the interest rates offered may be higher than for those with better credit scores.
Equity: If you have substantial equity in your home, this may increase your chances of approval. Lenders see those with a high amount of equity as less risky, as the loan is backed by a substantial asset.
Recent credit history: If your credit issues were in the past and you’ve since been managing your finances responsibly, this could strengthen your application.
Specialist brokers: You might want to consider working with a mortgage broker who specialises in helping people with poor credit. They can guide you towards lenders more likely to accept your application and advise on ways to improve your chances.
Learn more: Remortgage with poor credit
Can a mortgage broker help with poor credit?
Absolutely, a mortgage broker can be an invaluable asset for individuals with poor credit who are endeavouring to obtain a mortgage. Mortgage brokers have access to an extensive array of lenders and mortgage products, including those expressly designed for applicants with compromised credit.
Here’s how a mortgage broker can assist you:
Proficiency: Mortgage brokers have a deep understanding of the mortgage market and have handled diverse credit scenarios. They can offer guidance tailored to your unique financial situation and help demystify the mortgage application process.
Access to specialist lenders: Numerous specialist lenders, who cater specifically to borrowers with poor credit, do not interface directly with the public and are only accessible via mortgage brokers. A broker can bridge the gap between you and these lenders, enhancing your likelihood of securing a mortgage.
Customised advice: A mortgage broker assesses your individual situation, taking into account factors such as your credit history, income, and financial stability. Based on this information, they provide recommendations for mortgage products that best suit your needs. This personalised advice can save you time and effort when searching for the right mortgage.
Comparing offers: Mortgage brokers can equip you with a comparative analysis of different mortgage offers from a variety of lenders. This empowers you to make a well-informed decision about the most suitable and cost-effective mortgage option for you.
Assistance with the application process: The mortgage application process can appear intimidating, particularly for those with poor credit. A mortgage broker can help steer you through the process, from assembling the requisite documentation to submitting the application and interfacing with the lender on your behalf.
How can I improve my credit score for a mortgage with poor credit?
Boosting your credit score is a crucial part of enhancing your odds of obtaining a mortgage, particularly when you’re dealing with poor credit. Here are some practical measures you can adopt to augment your credit score:
Review your credit report: Procure a copy of your credit report from the credit reference agencies. Scrutinise it for any discrepancies, inaccuracies, or unauthorised activity. If you discover any errors, immediately report them to the credit reference agency and ask for corrections.
Electoral roll registration: Registering to vote at your current residence can positively influence your credit score, as it validates your identity and reflects stability.
Prompt bill payment: Regular and timely payment of your bills, which include utilities, credit card bills, and loans, demonstrates your credit responsibility and can bolster your credit score.
Debt reduction: Settling outstanding debts, especially those linked to credit cards and loans, will enhance your debt-to-income ratio and manifest to lenders your aptitude for prudent financial management.
Responsible credit usage: Regular but responsible use of a credit card, ensuring to pay off the balance in full each month to evade interest charges, can validate your capacity to manage credit adeptly and help uplift your credit score.
Limit credit applications: Multiple credit applications within a short timeframe can have an adverse effect on your credit score, as it may signal financial strain. Space out your credit applications and only apply when absolutely necessary.
Retain old, well-managed accounts: If you possess credit accounts with a lengthy history of prompt payments and responsible usage, maintain them. These accounts can positively affect your credit score by presenting a consistent history of excellent credit management.
Establish a credit history: If you have a sparse credit file, consider utilising a credit-builder credit card or a credit-builder loan to construct a history of responsible credit usage.
Maintain a low credit utilisation ratio: Strive to use no more than 30% of your accessible credit at any given time. A lower credit utilisation ratio signifies responsible credit management and can enhance your credit score.
Boosting your credit score necessitates time and consistent commitment. By implementing these strategies and upholding responsible financial habits, you can fortify your credit standing and augment your chances of securing a mortgage despite dealing with poor credit.